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Configuring beans by @Configuration and @Bean of Java-based configuration in Spring with Example
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Below is an example of "Configuring beans by @Configuration and @Bean of Java-based configuration in Spring with Example"
Step.1 Start a Java Project with required jars 
  1. Open Eclipse
  2. Click on menu New -> Others
  3. In wizards type "Java Project" and Select "Java Project"
  4. Click Next
  5. Enter project name as "JavaBasedSpringConfiguration", then click Next
  6. Goto Libraries tab, then click on Add External JARs, then select Spring's 21 Framework Jars and commons-logging-1.1.jar.
  7. Click Finish.
Step.2 Project Explorer Preview 
RunMyProgram.java
package com.springexample;

import org.springframework.context.ApplicationContext;
import org.springframework.context.support.ClassPathXmlApplicationContext;

public class RunMyProgram {
	public static void main(String[] args) {
		ApplicationContext context = new ClassPathXmlApplicationContext("beans.xml");
		Student student = (Student) context.getBean("johnStudent");
			System.out.println(student.getStudentNo());
			System.out.println(student.getStudentName());
	}
}
JavaConfiguration.java
package com.springexample;

import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean;
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration;

@Configuration
public class JavaConfiguration {
	
	@Bean
	public Student johnStudent(){
		Student john = new Student();
			john.setStudentNo(1001);
			john.setStudentName("John Peter");
		
		return john;
	}
}
beans.xml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context"
	xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-3.0.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-3.0.xsd">

	<context:component-scan base-package="com.springexample" />
</beans>
Student.java
package com.springexample;

public class Student {
	private int studentNo;
	private String studentName;
	
	public int getStudentNo() {
		return studentNo;
	}
	public void setStudentNo(int studentNo) {
		this.studentNo = studentNo;
	}
	public String getStudentName() {
		return studentName;
	}
	public void setStudentName(String studentName) {
		this.studentName = studentName;
	}	
}
Output 
1001
John Peter
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JavaBasedSpringConfiguration

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